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This technical brief was developed by the UNFPA Global Ageing Network to complement the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs' (UN DESA) Issue Brief: Older Persons and COVID-19, which emphasized the humanitarian imperative of addressing older persons' specific needs within preparedness and response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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In order to raise awareness, among government institutions, non-government organisations and academia, on population trends and their impact on development in the South-East Europe, United Nations Population Funds collaborated with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Regional Cooperation Council (RCC) and other UN agencies in the convening and organisation of the Regional Conference on Population Dynamics, Human Capital and Sustainable Development. The Conference has resulted in a set of conclusions that will guide governments and other stakeholders in the region in development of comprehensive population policies focused on human capital, gender equality and human rights, as well as strengthen cooperation on population dynamics and human capital development among the countries/territories with partners in the region.

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Disease outbreaks affect women and men differently, and pandemics make existing inequalities for women and girls and discrimination of other marginalized groups such as persons with disabilities and those in extreme poverty, worse. This needs to be considered, given the different impacts surrounding detection and access to treatment for women and men.

Women represent 70 percent of the health and social sector workforce globally and special attention should be given to how their work environment may expose them to discrimination, as well as thinking about their sexual and reproductive health and psychosocial needs as frontline health workers.

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My Body, My Life, My World is UNFPA's new global strategy for adolescents and youth.

It puts young people—their talents, hopes, perspectives and unique needs—at the very centre of sustainable development. In doing so, it supports the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals, and aligns with the new United Nations Strategy on Youth as well as UNFPA's 2018-2021 Strategic Plan.


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A new report launched in Sarajevo on 20 June 2019 gives a detailed picture of the physical, sexual and psychological violence many women and girls have had to endure in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The report is based on a survey undertaken by the OSCE with support from the European Commission, UNFPA and other partners in 2018.

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In several countries in Eastern Europe, populations are shrinking. The world’s ten fastest shrinking populations are all in Central and Eastern Europe. Bosnia and Herzegovina, with

expected population shrinking of 13%, is very close to these ten countries. However, these population projections are based on medium fertility variant and not taking into consideration

emigrations in which BiH is at the forefront. This means that, if negative demographic trends are not reversed, more significant population decline could be expected in BiH. Governments

are concerned about the negative impact of population decline – and population ageing – on the economy, social systems, infrastructure, and even national security.

But what are the real causes of population decline? What are the consequences? And what does this mean for the policy responses we need to tackle this phenomenon? These brief Q&As

provide answers to these questions and dispel some common myths and misconceptions.

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Research on the views of youth about comprehensive sexuality education, and their knowledge of and attitudes towards reproductive health was conducted for the purpose of program activities planning of the United Nations Population Fund in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNFPA BiH). The results of this research can also be used by other organizations working with youth as well as decision-makers for similar purposes.

Participants of the research were selected through a network of youth organizations and the results are not statistically representative for the entire BiH territory. Therefore, a comparison with the data of other, similar surveys is recommended for the use of results with greater reliability.

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UNFPA Annual Country Program Document Event (CPD) is a platform to facilitate experience exchange, summation of results achieved and ways forward. CPD Event allows for strategic level discussions over interventions in UNFPA key mandate areas: sexual and reproductive health, youth and adolescents, gender equality and women’s empowerment and population dynamics.

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Mental health issues affect the lives of many older persons and the Healthy Ageing Centers represent a tool to increase socialization of older persons and improve their mental and general health. The survey shows the impact of these centers to older persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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When a girl reaches age 10 in our region, her world is about to change.

As she embarks on her journey through adolescence and on to adulthood, the coming years will be crucial for determining in which direction her life will go.

She could flourish, gradually building her skills and enhancing her horizons, nurtured by an enabling and empowering environment in her family and community that encourages her to start making choices and shape her own future.

But her dreams may also be shattered as social and cultural norms and discriminatory laws and practices hold her back.

At age 10, a girl in our region is at a crossroads.

Which path she takes does not only matter for her own life. It matters for the lives of all of us.

Because we all win when a girl – a hundred girls, a generation of girls – can fulfill their potential. Human capital strengthens. Economies grow. Wealth rises.

It is in our hands to help make this happen.

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