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The 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo linked population dynamics and sustainable development, and represented a shift in thinking about population, from a focus on growth and quantitative targets, to human rights and enabling choices. The ICPD ushered in fundamental changes to how governments and the international community address sexual and reproductive health (SRH), moving beyond family planning and safe motherhood to a more comprehensive vision, and recognizing gender equality as an end in itself, and as a vital component of well-being for women, men and young people.